The International Brand Ambassador of Sanskrit and Megastar Aazaad , the great Sanskrit revivalist said in an interview that, Bhishma Pitamah was the greatest warrior of this earth after Lord Parshuram Today I will tell you some important things related to them! Which every Sanatani needs to know. According to the
Puranas , Atri was born to Brahma , Moon to Atri , Mercury to Moon and Mercury to Illanandan
Pururava . Ayu was born to Pururava , King Nahusha to Pururava and Yayati to Nahusha. Pururava was born to Yayati . The dynasty of Pururava consisted of Bharata and Kuru was the king of Bharata clan.
Later in the lineage of Kuru, King Pratip was born, whose second son was Shantanu .
Shantanu's elder brother died in childhood. Devavrata ( Bhishma ) from Shantanu's Ganga. Bhishma had pledged celibacy, so this dynasty could not continue further. Bhishma was the last Kaurava .This was the period when Gods and Goddesses roamed the earth . They would appear when they were invoked by a particular mantra. The gods included Indra , Varuna , 2 Ashwinkumar, 8 Vasugans, 12 Adityagans, 11 Rudras, Surya, Mitra, Pushan, Vishnu, Brahma, Shiva, Sati, Saraswati, Lakshmi, Usha, Apanapatha, Savita, Trip, Vinsvat, 49 Marudgana, Parjanya, Vayu, Matrishvana, Tripraptya, Aja Ekapada, You, Ahitarbudhnya, Yama, Pitru (Aryama), Death, Shraddha, Shachi, Diti, Aditi, Kashyapa, Vishwakarma, Gayatri, Savitri, Atma, Jupiter, Shukracharya, etc. Mother Ganga is also one of the gods in these clans.Why did Ganga marry Shantanu?
Shantanu's father Maharaja Pratip was doing penance on the banks of the Ganges with the wish of a son. Enchanted by his tenacity, form and beauty, Ganga sat on his right thigh and started saying, 'Rajan! I want to marry you I am Ganga , the daughter of the sage Jahnu. On this, King Pratip said, 'Gange ! You are sitting on my right thigh, while the wife should be Vamangi, the right thigh is the symbol of the son, so I can accept you as my daughter-in-law. ' Hearing this, Ganga left from there. When Maharaja Pratip received a son, he named him Shantanu and Ganga was married to Shantanu. He got 8 sons from the Ganges , 7 were drowned in the river Ganges and the 8th son was brought up. His 8th son's name was Devavrata. This Devavrata was later called Bhishma. Shantanu requested his father Pratipa to approach Ganga and marry her. Ganga was enamored with Shantanu's father. Then Ganga said, 'Rajan! I am ready to marry you but you have to promise that you will not interfere in any of my work. ' Shantanu got married by giving a promise to
Maharaj Shantanu had 8 sons from the womb of Ganga , out of which 7 were taken away by Ganga in the river Ganges . Shantanu could not speak anything as the word was tied. When Ganga had the 8th son and she also took him to the river to make excuses, King Shantanu couldn't stop himself from stopping
Ganga from doing this work. Ganga said, 'Rajan! You have broken your vow, so I can no longer be with you. ' Saying so, Ganga disappeared from there.
Maharaja Shantanu brought up that son and named him Devavrata . When Devavrata was in his teens, he was declared crown prince of Hastinapur . This Devavrata later came to be called Bhishma .There is also a legend behind the birth of Bhishma . Once Vasu, named 'Dyu', killed Kamadhenu of Vashistha Rishi Due to this, Vashistha Rishi said to Dyu that human beings do such work, so you become eight human beings. Hearing this, the Vasus panicked and prayed to Vasishtha that they said that the other Vasus would get rid of my curse at the end of the year, but this 'Dyu' would have to suffer for a lifetime as a human being to bear the fruits of his deeds. Hearing this, the Vasus went to Gangaji and told her in detail the curse of Vasishtha and prayed that 'you should incarnate us in the womb and hold us in the womb and as soon as we are born, immerse us in water. In this way, we will all be liberated soon. '
Ganga Mata accepted and she tactfully became the wife of Shantanu Raja and also took a promise from
Shantanu . As soon as the seven sons who were born in Ganga's womb from Shantanu were born, Gangaji immersed them in water, which freed 7 Vasus, but on the 8th, Shantanu stopped Ganga and wanted to know the reason.The king did not allow the 8th son to drown, and because of this promise,
Ganga passed over to the 8th son. This child was called Vasu.
One day Devavrata's father Shantanu was walking on the banks of the Yamuna that he saw a beautiful girl riding a boat in the river. Shantanu was fascinated by that girl. The Maharaja went to her and asked, 'O Goddess, who are you?' She said, 'Maharaja my name is Satyavati and I am Nishad Kanya'. (In that period there was a caste called Nishad).
Maharaj, considering her youth and reaching her father, proposed his marriage to Satyavati. On this, Dhivar said, 'Rajan! I have no objection to marrying my daughter with you, but I want that only the son born from the womb of my daughter will be the heir to your kingdom, only then this marriage will be possible. ' After listening to these words of Nishad,
Maharaj Shantanu returned quietly to Hastinapur and his heart ached from this sorrow. Maharaj began to get distraught at Satyavati's disconnection and his body also began to weaken.Seeing this condition of Maharaj, Devavrata got worried. When he came to know the reason for this type of condition of the father by ministers, he went to Nishad's house and he said to Nishad , 'O Nishad ! You gladly marry your daughter Satyavati with my father Shantanu. I promise you that the child born from your daughter's womb will be the heir to the kingdom. Later, if no one of my children is able to take away the rights of your daughter's children, I pledge that I will remain unmarried for a lifetime. 'Listening to his promise, Nishad folded his hands and said, 'O Devvrat! Your pledge is unprecedented. Having said this, Nishad immediately sent his daughter Satyavati along with Devavrata and his ministers to Hastinapur.
When Devavrat brought Nishaad Kanya Satyavati and handed her over to his father Shantanu ,
Shantanu gets filled with ecstasy. Shantanu is pleased and says to Devavrata, 'O son! You have made such a difficult vow under subordination of fatherhood, which no one has done to date, nor will anyone do in future. Pleased with your paternity, I give you a boon that you will die only by your will. Because of your pledge, you will be called 'Bhishma' and your pledge will always be known as Bhishma pledge. '
Maharaj Shantanu had 2 sons named Chitrangad and Vichitravirya from the womb of Satyavati. After the death of Shantanu , Chitrangad was made king, but he died in a war with the Gandharvas, at that time only Vichitravirya was left. Nevertheless, Bhishma sat on the throne to Vichitravirya and began to see the royal work himself. When Vichitravirya was young, Bhishma forcefully killed Kashiraj's 3 daughters and wanted to marry her to Vichitravirya, as Bhishma wanted his father Shantanu's family to grow somehow.
But the elder princess Amba was later released, as she wanted Shalvaraj. The other two (Ambalika and Ambika) were married to Vichitravirya. But Vichitravirya had no children from both and he too passed away. Once again the throne became empty. The dynasty of Satyavati-Shantanu was drowned and the dynasty of Ganga-Shantanu took the pledge of celibacy. Now the throne of Hastinapur was empty again.
Battle with Lord Parashuram: -
Bhishma had forcefully killed 3 girls of Kashiraj for their marriage when Vichitravirya was young, leaving one of them to be attached to Shalvaraja.But after going to Shalvaraj, Amba refused to accept Shalvaraj. This was a sad situation for Amba. Amba considered Bhishma the reason for her plight and complained to Parashuramaji.
Lord Parashurama told Bhishma that 'You have abducted Amba by force, so now you have to marry her otherwise get ready for war with me.'Bhishma and Parashuramji fought fiercely for 21 days. In the end, the sages narrated the whole story to Parashurama and also informed him about Bhishma's situation when Parashurama did a ceasefire. In this way, he remained firm on the vow of celibacy taken by Bhishma.
After the death of both sons (Chitrangad and Vichitravirya) born to Shantanu of Satyavati, Satyavati repeatedly pleaded with Bhishma that you should marry and produce a son to run the father's lineage but Bhishma was ready to break his vow Were not. In such a situation, Satyavati thinks of giving birth to Ambika and Ambika, the widow of Vichitravirya, through the 'Nioga system'. Satyavati, with Bhishma's permission, produces the sons named Dhritarashtra and Pandu as early as possible from the womb of Ambika and Ambalika by her son Vedvyas.
Before marrying Shantanu, Satyavati had cohabitated with sage Parashar in her virgin state, giving birth to a son named Vedvyas. She asked her son to associate with Ambika and Ambalaika. In this way, it is called Kul Rishi Kul.Bhishma Pitamah had practiced celibacy by not marrying. He kept this fast strictly even while remaining unmarried. For this, they used to meditate on Brahm by becoming yogic. Before him, only Krishna was a child, but he recognized Krishna as God.
During the Mahabharata war, Shri Krishna had vowed to unseat Arjuna's chariot while remaining unarmed, but Bhishma had promised to take arms from him. For Krishna, it had become a condition of religion. At the end, when Shri Krishna ran with the wheel of the chariot to keep the devotee's shame, Bhishma laid down his arms and understood his salvation only when he was killed at the hands of Shri Krishna. Krishna also fulfilled the pledge not to wear his weapon by doing this and also fulfilled his promise to bear arms at the behest of Bhishma.
In the war of Mahabharata, Bhishma Pitamah was the general on behalf of the Kauravas. When the war of Kurukshetra started, Bhishma fought fiercely for 10 days as the chief commander.On the 9th day, a fierce battle ensued, due to which Bhishma bravely wounded Arjuna and destroyed his chariot. At the end of the war, Krishna had to break his vow to stop the horrific destruction of Bhishma. Seeing his shabby chariot, Shri Krishna took a chariot wheel and pounced on Bhishma, but he calmed down, but on that day Bhish
ma finished most of the Pandavas' army.
On the 10th day, fearing Bhishma killing the Pandava army on a large scale spread fear in the Pandava side, then at the behest of Shri Krishna, the Pandavas joined hands with Bhishma and ask him the remedy for his death. Bhishma, after thinking for some time, suggested the remedy.
On the tenth day, after Bhishma, who received euthanasia, reveals the secret of his death, after this Bhishma destroys Panchal and the fisheries. The Pandavas then put Shikhandi to battle in front of Bhishma in the war zone. Seeing Shikhandi in the battlefield, Bhishma renounces his weapons. Taking advantage of this opportunity, at the behest of Krishna, Arjuna pierced Bhishma with his arrows with great grief. Arjuna pierces Bhishma with arrows. They fall down moaning. Bhishma lies on the arms of the arrows. When Bhishma's neck hangs, what did he say to his brothers-in-law and brave soldiers?
Actually, the secret of Bhishma's death was that he would not take up arms in front of an impotent person. In the meantime, they can be killed. Like this policy, Shikhandi is landed in front of Bhishma in war.
When news of Bhishma lying on his chest spreads, there is a cry in the army of Kauravas. Soldiers and commanders of both the parties leave the battle and gather near Bhishma. From the kings of both the parties, Bhishma says Rajnigyan. My head is hanging down. I want a suitable pillow. On one of his orders, all the kings and warriors bring valuable and various pillows.
But Bhishma does not take one of them and smiles and says that these pillows are not fit for the use of this heroic bed. Then they look at Arjuna and say, 'Son, you are scholars of Kshatriya religion. Can you give me a suitable pillow? ' As soon as he got the order, Arjun, with tears in his eyes, greeted Bhishma with 3 arrows at a rapid rate, piercing his forehead and going into the earth. Just, this is how the head gets the head. After getting the basics of these arrows, the pain of hanging the head continued.Despite all this, why does Bhishma not give up his life?
Uttarayana of the Sun: But why does Bhishma not give up Prana even after lying on his bed while his entire body is shattered with arrows, yet he does not die due to euthanasia.Bhishma knew very well that the soul attained salvation when he gave up his life after the succession of the Sun, and he would go back to his own world and be free, that's why he waited for the sun to pass.Bhishma told that he would leave the body only after the sun's Uttarayan, as he received the euthanasia from his father Shantanu and could not leave the body unless he wanted, but on the 10th day, the sun had sunk.Surgeons are brought to cure Bhishma, but they return him and say that now my last time has come. It is all in vain. Sharya is my funeral pyre. Now I am just waiting for the sun to rise.
After hearing these things of the grandfather, Rajagan and all his brothers-in-law bowed and prostrated them and returned to their respective camps. The next day it was morning when they all returned to Bhishma. All the girls, women and their clan warriors stood silently near the grandfather.Pitamah asked the kings to drink cold water. All brought water for him, but he looked at Arjuna. Arjuna understood and he shot arrows at his Gandiva and using the Prajnyastra, they left it in the earth. AMRITULYA, a stream of water starts coming out of the earth. Bhishma gets satisfied after drinking that water.
Then Bhishma explains to Duryodhana that leave the war and protect the dynasty. He praised Arjuna very much and explained to Duryodhana that he should be cautious after seeing this movement, but Duryodhana does not accept any of his and the war starts again.The next day everyone again gathers near them. They explain to Karna, the new commander. They try to have a treaty on both sides even at their last moment. The battle went on for 8 more days after Bhishma lay down on his chest.
Even though Bhishma was lying on Sharyasya, he gave valuable sermons of Rajdharma, Mokshadharma, and Aapadharma, etc. with great detail to remove the grief of Yudhishthira after the war at the behest of Shri Krishna. By listening to this sermon Yudhishthira removes guilt and remorse from his mind.
Later, on the Uttarayan of the Sun, Yudhishthira, relatives, priests and other people reach Bhishma. The eldest father said that it has been 58 days on this Shastra. Shukla Paksha of Magh month came from my fortune. Now I want to leave the body. After this, he gave up his body by lovingly leaving everyone.
Everyone started crying after remembering Bhishma. Yudhishthira and the Pandavas placed the dead body of Pitamah on the pyre of sandalwood and cremated.
Bhishma was not a normal person. He was the god in human form. He enriched his body through yogic discipline by adhering to celibacy. Secondly, he also got the boon of euthanasia.At the time of this war, Arjuna was 55 years old, Krishna 83 years old and Bhishma 150 years old. At that time it was normal to be 200 years old. Till the time of the Buddhists, the normal age of Indians was 150 years. Pure air, atmosphere, and yoga-meditation contributed to this. When Bhishma was young, Krishna and Arjuna were not even born.
It is believed that Bhishma was the oldest in the war. As he had more experience in politics, Ved Vyas mentioned everything he said about politics in the entire Mahabharata by making Bhishma the center of politics.
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